History of the Wolfdog Breed
The term Wolfdog is often used for any dog that has some wolf ancestry and displays some of the physical traits of the typical Timber wolf. While there are many wolf varieties, it was the Timber wolf crossed with a German shepherd that created this new breed.
The term Wolfdog now refers to a legitimate breed that was initiated in the middle of the twentieth century, although acceptance and admission to the Club of Breeders was denied until 1982. Agreement was reached in Brno on March 20 th 1982, and the first 43 Wolfdog puppies were registered.
Within ten years of admission into the Club of Breeders, 1552 puppies from this new breed were registered in Prague . The records are maintained with The Main Pedigree Register. They are all descended from selected Timber Wolves and German Shepherds. After several successful generations the breed was limited to the descendents of the original selected animals.
The first successful mating attempt of the Timber wolf and German shepherd resulted in the hybrid later known as the Wolfdog. This hybrid was examined, and their physical traits and temperament determined that they were strong trainable animals. The first she-wolf Brita delivered the initial two lines of this particular hybrid.
These cross breed dogs were then re-bred a second time with German shepherds. The resulting puppies were trained to be service dogs for army officials behind the iron curtain. By 1970 most of the hybrids were taken to kennels in Bratislava to be trained as service dogs for the border patrol guards.
After 1970 Slovak breeders were not feeling the same amount of pressure to produce and perfect the Wolfdog for the purposes of producing suitable animals for the armies needs. Instead work began on understanding and modifying the external physical traits of the Wolfdog. Major Frantisek Rosik who now serves as honorary president of the Slovak Club of Breeders is to be credited with giving rise to the continued development and creation of the Wolfdog species.
The 1970′s saw the continued mating and line of the Wolfdog. Sarik a pure bred Timber wolf was mated with a third generation female hybrid. This continued breeding in Czechoslovakia later led to the breed being renamed the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog.
Since the 1970′s there has been little recording of Wolfdog bleedings. In 1983 the German shepherd Bojar von Schotterhof was mated with a she-wolf named Lady. The birth of the puppies was recorded in the town of Libejovice , Bohemia . One of the puppies Kazan z Pohrani was then used for further mating of the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog. Since the birth of Kazan z Pohrani’s puppies, there has only been one other pure-blood breeding recorded with the pedigree registry.
In the western world the Timber Wolf and the Red Wolf of North America continue to interbreed with huskies, Samoyeds and other agreeable domestic dogs, producing various hybrids with wolf like traits. These animals due in part to mostly undocumented cross breeding have never been admitted to any dog registry despite their obvious DNA and other characteristic resemblances.
In the Northern USA and Canada , many rural residents, especially farmers and timber producers, boast of taking wolf puppies from the den, to cross breed with their own domestic dogs. These dogs provide protection for the farmers against loss of cattle and other stock, and generally, if handled well become excellent pets, and adapt well to the farming lifestyle.